Allen Lee Silk, following his service in WWII, married Melda Lee Hartley. Melda was the daughter of Charles Edward Hooker Hartley; Hooker was my grandfather, George Leroy Hartley’s, brother.
Allen Silk was born August 20, 1919, in Richland Parish, LA., the fourth child and first son of Edward C. Silk (1880-1955) and Susie May Crider (1892-1978), His siblings included sisters, Nellie, Jessie, Gladys, and a younger brother Charles Oland. Allen was a star football player in high school, attracting the attention of the coach of Pearl River Junior College in Mississippi. Sadly, no college yearbook was published for 1937-38. With little, if any, financial support, from his hardworking sharecropper parents, he was forced to abandon his college plans and seek career training in the military.
Allen enlisted in the marines on December 18, 1938, at Headquarters SRD in New Orleans; he was 20 years old. He received his basic training at Parris Island, S. C., then was assigned to Signal Detachment, Marine Barracks in Quantico, VA. In early 1940, he was stationed in Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Mare Island, CA. By May 1940, he shipped out and is in Headquarters Company, Fourth Marines, Shanghai, China. There are records showing Allen at Marine Detachment, Naval Air Station, Seattle, Washington, during September 1940. He is listed as a radio operator. In the spring of 1941, still in Shanghai, he is promoted to corporal and by spring of 1942 he is a sergeant. Allen is shown in photo at right with two marine friends, left, Veral Crowe, his best friend, Allen in middle and Roger W. Miller on right. Veral, from Eugene Oregon, named a son Larry Allen after Allen Silk.
In November 1941, one month before Pearl Harbor, the 4th Marines left Shanghai. Below are excerpts from the detailed research of Fred Greguras, a collector of US Marine memorabilia and historian. A veteran of Vietnam, Fred has devoted a great deal of time and effort to “The Marines in China.” (URL: http://chinamarine.org/Shanghai/ShanghaiToday.aspx#_ftn5 )
Allen’s football days were not over. While in Shanghai, he participated in Regimental Six-A-Side Football. He was a halfback on the Headquarters team. They played at the Shanghai American School field. The photo shows Allen with fellow halfback, Edward H. “Smokey” Middleton. Edward, born 1918 in Los Angeles, CA. He died December 28, 1993 in Simi Valley, CA.
Parris Island, S. C
Sgt. Jos. Cameron, Cpl. P. A. Scott, and Cpl J. F. Williams are in picture.
Allen L. Silk, 3rd row up, 5th from right.
Above is Allen’s headquarters football team.
Kneeling L to R:
E. Middleton, team captain : Sergeant Edward Haney “Smokey” Middleton, born 1918 in Los Angeles, CA. to Mr. and Mrs Thomas T. Middleton. He died December 28, 1993 in Simi Valley, CA. Captured May 6, 1942, he was liberated in 1945. Poem written by E. H. Middleton follows:
Poem Written by E.H. Middleton
Cabanatuan Nov. 1942
Note: The following poem was written in pencil and found on the back of a letter post marked, Prisoner of War Mail, 22 May 1943. The letter was addressed to James Daniel Culp, Gunners Mate First-Class (from his sister Nadean) the letter was received by him (via the Red Cross) while he was in a prisoner-of-war camp in Osaka Japan. The author was probably a member of the 4th Marines captured on the Philippine Island of Corregidor.
F. Jimmerson: Floyd B.”Jimmy” Jimmerson died March 6, 1997. He resided in the Miami, Florida area. In late February 1997, he moved to Shreveport, LA. where he passed away. He was retired from the marine corp. He was assigned to the 4th Marines, Headquarters Co. 3rd Battalion. He was captured on Corregidor and was in Cabanatuan. Tanagawa, Umona and Bohsito Takefu POW camps. He also served in the Korean War. He was a member of American Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor *2526. He is survived by a sister, a daughter and two grandchildren.
E. Graves: Elmo Elsey Graves, Texas. Died POW March 1, 1943, Kawasaki Tokyo B Prison, Pneumonia. Roger Raymond’s memoir says Graves died of dysentery shortly after they were moved from Corregidor to the Cabanatuan prison (1942). Confusingly, Raymond mentions a pine box containing Graves’ cremated remains in the Yokohama camp. According to Raymond, Graves carried the surrender order to the troops on Monkey Point on Corregidor. His father was Vance Graves in Olney, Texas.
Standing: L to R
R. Miller: Roger W. Miller, Texas. Died in Japanese prison.
V. Putnam: Vernon Putnam (1917-42) was a native of Blountsville, Alabama. Parents were Rufus Lander & Charlotte Lottie Hare Putnam.
Enlistment and Boot Camp:
Putnam enlisted in the Marines from Los Angeles on January 17, 1938. He attended boot camp at MCRD San Diego, and graduated two months later.
Service Prior to 1941:
Private Putnam shipped out to his first duty station in March 1938; he became a member of Company A, Marine Barracks, Pearl Harbor Navy Yard. While at Pearl Harbor, Putnam played a great deal of football and qualified as an expert with the pistol; in December, he was posted to the barracks rifle range as a messman.
In June 1939, Putnam qualified as a truck driver for the barracks; by December, he was on his way to his “Asiatic Station” assignment via the USS Henderson. That station turned out to be the Motor Transport company of the Fourth Marines in Shanghai, where Putnam would stay through the end of 1940.
In 1941, Putnam was advanced to the rank of corporal; when the regiment was sent to the Philippines late that year, Putnam was reassigned to Dog Company, First Battalion. On April 24, 1942, Vernon was reported as missing in action. Officially listed as dead with unrecoverable body. Listed in Manila American Cemetery and Memorial, Manila, Philippines.
Lieutenant Prichett, Coach: Claude Augustus “Red” Pritchett (Dec. 16, 1915-Jan. 5, 2001) from Whitmell, VA. He graduated from Virginia Military Institute in 1937. He was son of Claude and Elizabeth Pritchett. His father was a grocer. He had three sisters, Elizabeth F., Martha C., and twin sister Mary D.
Claude married Kansan Martha Mourning (1919-2006). She attended Southwest Missouri State Teachers College. A photo from her 1941 yearbook is included here.
Martha enlisted in the Women Army Corp in 1943. They had three children.
Allen L. Silk:
R. Raymond: Corporal Robert Lawrence Raymond, (MCSN: 272545), United States Marine Corps, was captured by the Japanese after the fall of Corregidor, Philippine Islands, on 6 May 1942, and was held as a prisoner of war until he was returned to U.S. Military Control at the end of the war. He was born in Astoria, Oregon in 1921. His parents were George N. (1877-1958) and Josephine Dow(1858-1951) Raymond. George was a surveyor.
Here is his obituary. “Robert L. Raymond of Vallejo died on Aug. 9, 2010. He was 89 years old.
Robert was born and grew up in Astoria, Oregon, where he worked as a paper boy to help support the family. He joined the US Marine Corps at age 17, and was deployed to Shanghai in 1939. His unit was sent to Corregidor Island in Manila Bay when Japan attacked China.
After Pearl Harbor he was taken prisoner when the Philippine Islands fell to Japan. He survived three years and four months as a prisoner-of-war first at Cabanatuan #3, then later in Taiwan and Yokohama, Japan.
When he returned to the U.S., he met and married Donna L. Sanborn in North Hollywood, and they started a family.
Robert worked for ten years on the Los Angeles Police force. During this period, he was also deployed to Japan with his National Guard Reserve unit heading to the Korean War, but was recalled when his fourth dependent was born.
He worked mainly as a carpenter for the rest of his life and after his retirement, wrote his memoirs in two volumes. His final years were mainly spent in Vallejo, which reminded him of his hometown of Astoria.
He is survived by sons Wayne and Jan and daughter Kim, all of Davis, and daughters Jodi Pocoroba and Beth Heerdt. His grandkids include Betsy, Nathan, and Hope Raymond of Davis.
An inurnment ceremony with military honors is planned for Thursday, Aug. 19 at 2:30 p.m. at the Sacramento Valley National Cemetery, 5810 Midway Rd. in Dixon.”
Robert Raymond’s memoir provides this comment about the team and players:
”Smokey Stover (May have meant Middleton not Stover-Mel Oakes) tried to get me to play baseball for the 'Orphans' (Regimental Headquarters Company) but I did not feel 'qualified'. I rather hate to admit it, but I am just a bit scared of that hard ball. There are four teams in the baseball league: Our "Orphans", First Battalion, Second Battalion, and a 'town' team organized by the slot machine king, Jack Riley…..
"But with the advent of fall, Smokey is after me again, this time to play football, the six man game that is so popular with small, backwoods high schools. All the way through school I was never big enough for football, sort of gave up the idea when, in junior high, I was issued a sweatshirt instead of a school colors jersey and the last item in every pile of equipment...the dregs that no one else would have, but I am peaking out in the physical department. Reckon that it is time to give it another go. The league is minus the 'town team'. Jack Riley would be game I am sure but I guess that his gang of middle aged business men won‘t back him up. Three teams isn't really much of a league but we will play each of the battalions twice.
"The lieutenant played for VMI is a cracker-jack coach. Al Silk is our fullback. He always reminds me of that Hastings Perfect-Circle Piston Rings ad, broad shoulders, a square jaw that always looks just a bit blue, even after he has just shaved, but his eyes are indeed 'soft as silk'. He has long, long, eyelashes that would make just about any cover girl turn green with envy...'Tough, but oh so gentle' indeed. Red (Pritchett) and I have nailed down right and left end pretty well. He goes high (bulldozer) and I go low. When we hit together the guy goes down for pretty dang sure. Smokey is Captain (shared with Al Silk) and quarterback. Elmo Graves and 'Jimmy' Jimmerson alternate at the other back position. The first game is between the battalions. First gets trampled 35 to nothing. Besides the 'terrible duo', Pack and Truck, the Second Battalion has a very fleet footed quarterback with a very nasty little habit of running back kickoffs for touchdowns.
"The next week we repeat the drubbing...same score 35 to big fat goose egg. The meeting between us Orphans and Second Battalion promises to be all out war. (Orphans won 14-13 on a pass to Raymond from Smokey.)”
End of Robert Raymond excerpt.
The Fourth Marines’ duty in Shanghai was summarized in an eloquent way by W. Robert Taylor, a Baptist missionary in Shanghai who made these observations on November 23, 1941:
“This morning I went to the Marine [church] Service – the last one Shanghai may ever have as it is doubtful they will ever be here in a body again. …. It was a solemn 2000 people who walked out of the Grand Theatre this morning. It felt as though we had attended a funeral service. The Marines are leaving Shanghai with a fine record and carrying with them the affection of all nationals. Uncle Sam can be proud of his representatives. They served and did not dominate. They gave and did not take. As individuals and as a group they played the gentleman.”
“In late November, 1941, the regiment’s two battalions, the 1st and 2nd, were very small, a total of approximately 800 Marines and attached naval personnel. Each had only two companies. The 3rd Battalion had been deactivated in December, 1934. The battalions were small because of the anticipated withdrawal from Shanghai. The 1st Battalion’s billets were near the intersection of Ferry and Avenue Roads (probably still 196, 225 and 293 Ferry) as the battalion formed up at that location to march to the waterfront at the Bund to leave China Avenue Road was the west extension of Peking (Beijing) Road, and was the first major road north of Bubbling Well Road. At that time, the 2nd Battalion was still billeted in the Haiphong Compound. Mr. White recalled that the 1st Battalion headquarters was still along Ferry Road and Mr. Versaw remembered that the 1st Battalion billets were still along Ferry and the 2nd Battalion billet was still the Haiphong Compound just prior to the regiment’s departure. Mr. Versaw indicated that the 551 Ferry billet was no longer being used as of April, 1941.
“But with the Japanese firmly in control of the Chinese portion of Shanghai and the surrounding countryside, it was only a matter of time before the they would be moving against the International Settlement in an attempt to control the entire city. For the men of the 4th routines returned to pre-conflict levels, but now there were private concerns of getting Stateside before a coming conflict with Japan.
“Through 1940 and 1941, conditions inside the International Settlements became tense following a number of altercations. After the start of WWII, the British withdrew their forces from the International Settlement and the Japanese seemed to step up harassment of the Marines and the local civilian population. It was apparent to many in the city, war was coming. Slowly the numbers of Marines were drawn down. But like the Peiping Marines, the State Department was loath to allow their complete withdrawal. After debating the issue through the fall of 1941, the State Department finally agreed in mid-November 1941 to evacuate the 4th. On the 27th and the 28th of November, the 4th Marines left Shanghai aboard the chartered liners, President Madison and President Harrison for the Philippines. The 4th Marine Regiment’s fourteen year association with the city was now permanently severed.”
End of W. Robert Taylor excerpt.
(The following is excerpted from a letter Allen wrote to his family, October 12, 1945, detailing events. I have added some material. The complete letter is included below.—Mel Oakes)
Corregidor is a small rocky island in the Philippines about 48 kilometers west of Manila. “The Rock” was strategically located at the entrance of Manila Bay. It served as the retreat headquarters for General MacArthur and the Philippine Commonwealth government following the successful invasion of Manila and the Bataan Peninsula by the Japanese. Corregidor had been fortified to delay the Japanese progress.
The Malinta Tunnel (see picture) was constructed to serve as a bombproof shelter that would house communications and medical units along with Allied Headquarters. The main tunnel was 835 ft long, 24 ft wide and 18 ft high at top of the arch. There were 13 lateral tunnels on the north side and 11 lateral tunnels on the south side. Each lateral tunnel averaged 160 feet (49 m) in length and 15 feet (4.6 m) in width. It was in solid rock and provided total protection from artillery or air attacks.
As a radio operator, Allen likely worked in the tunnel. This is reenforced by the remarkable photo which appeared in July 1986 issue of National Geographic. The photo shows US troops surrendering in front of the Malinta tunnel. Allen Silk is circled in the photo.
This historically important photo was part of The American Soldier - A Photographic Tribute, an exhibition of 116 photographs, from the Civil War to the War in Iraq, featured at the LBJ Library in Austin, TX (Nov. 2013-Feb. 2014).
Surrender & Imprisonment. When it became clear that the Japanese would eventually take the island, MacArthur and his staff left for Australia vowing to return. Many on the island felt abandoned and were very critical of MacArthur and later decisions by the Pacific Command not to rescue them. Allen was likely captured on May 7, 1942. The Bataan Death March had occurred before this surrender. He was moved to Cabanatuan Camp, Philippine Islands.
Edward Lee Hartley commented about Cabanatuan Camps, “We raised sweet potatoes and all we got were the vines to eat. That was at Cabanatuan Camp 1. In Camp 3 we were in prison about 1 month, all sick. (Beriberi, a result of thiamine (B1) deficiency from lack of unrefined cereals. Symptoms include weight loss, weakness & pain in limbs, edema and irregular heart rate.) The Japanese fed us fish soup, more worms than fish in it, this was to build us up so we could go to work.”
Allen continues, “We stayed in the Philippines from May until Sept. 1942, in a camp at Cabanatuan. In that camp they were dying off like flies, from dysentery. There was no medicine. I caught dysentery there, and if it had not been for a couple of friends, I would have died there. I couldn't eat anything, and Veral Crowe, of Oregon, my best friend, got me a bit of milk when he could. I lost down to 115 pounds there. From there we were sent to Yokohama to work in a Navy Yard.“
(Allen was extremely lucky to have survived the trip from the Philippines to Japan. Many of these ships were sunk by American submarines. On September 20, 1942, the ship, Lima Maru, shown at right, left Manila headed to Taiwan. The Lima Maru was sunk in 1944 by the American submarine, “The Snook.” Here is an account of the trip by Pierce L. Wardlaw, a fellow prisone:, “The next morning early, the boat began to lift anchor, and we were on our way. It was now daylight as the Japanese opened the hatch and said that it was time to eat breakfast, which was no different from any other meal. The food was lowered down on a rope attached to a large woven basket. We could never tell what time of day it was by the type of meals given us, as we ate the same food for every meal, and this same token held true throughout my entire prison life.
"We still had no idea where we might be going. The rumors were running wild as to where we were headed. Some said Japan; others said we were heading for China, and others thought Korea. All of these rumors were wrong, as we landed in Tyeow, Taiwan. I had never heard it called by that name, as the island is better known as Formosa.
"We were aboard the Lima Maru for sixteen days, traveling seven hundred miles. I have often wondered how we must have looked from the deck of the ship, as in my mind, we were a group of human beings, living like so many cattle or pigs shoved into and [sic] over-crowded space. I know there were three men who died on the trip, and their bodies were just pushed over the side of the boat into the ocean.” (The prisoners remained in Taiwan for approximately 2 months then were shipped on 15 Nov 1942 to Moji, Japan, on the Dainichi Maru.–Mel Oakes)
On the trip to Moji, Japan, Wardlaw reports another incident: “It was while we were cleaning the fish for cooking that the ship’s crew really came alive. An alarm sounded and all the Jap soldiers went to their battle stations. There was a lot of commotion, but I could not see any thing. Finally, a Jap who was up in the crow’s nest yelled something, and the ship made a hard right rudder, and then another hard left rudder. By this time, I was over to the side of the ship trying to see what we were dodging. On the second turn, I saw a torpedo coming straight for the ship, and it looked as if it were going to hit us mid ship. By seeing it in time, the ship moved out of the path of the torpedo, and it just missed the ship’s tail by about ten yards. The torpedo went on for about fifty yards, and then it went down. It must have been fired at maximum distance, or also there was a malfunction of the torpedo. It was not long after this that three Jap destroyers came up and rode flank on us until we docked in Moji, Japan. ( This camp was Tokyo-01D-Yokohama, more commonly referred to as “The Yokohama-Mitsubishi Shipyards.”–Mel Oakes)
“We were there (Yokohama) for 2-1/2 years. We lost about 45 men there the first winter.”
End of Wardlaw's comments.
The layout of the camp is given in a drawing shown below, by Robert Raymond, a POW. A sketch of the barrack is provided by Geoffrey A. Monument, British Army. The barracks wee Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. Warehouse. by the midpoint of the prisoners stay there were some 484 prisoners working, of which 272 were Americans. Life in the shipyard is chronicled in the book The Hero Returns: Stories from Wisconsin’s World War II Veterans by Kristin Gilatrick, 2001.
The work at the ship yard consisted of dock work and ship building. They were concentrating on badly needed freighters. The prisoners make every effort to sabotage the work. Poor welds, frayed wiring, incorrectly heated rivets, etc. were small attempts to damage the effort without detection. Allen would have guarded carefully his knowledge of radio communication. The Japanese sought such people to help with intelligence and were willing to punish severely if a known radio operator refused to cooperate.
Allen writes, “We left Yokohama in May 1945 because of the bombings (which destroyed the camp). I saw seven B-29's get shot down over our camp one night.” (Yokohama is marked with the red A balloon in map below–Mel Oakes).
”We were sent up north in May to Kamaishi (Marked by the red B balloon on the map of northern Japan.–Mel Oakes), a town of about 40,000. Our camp was about 440 yards from a large smelting plant. ( Iron milling was an important operation here. The camp was run by Nippon Steel, a Mitsubishi Company at the time. Mostly Dutch POWs.–Mel Oakes)
"On July 14, the U. S. Third Fleet shelled this valley. The only thing left intact was our camp. One end of the British barracks was shot off. ( Kamaishi, an important foundry town, was the first city bombarded by the US Navy in WWII. The largest number of POW deaths occurred here, 50 deaths, with 32 killed by the US Navy shelling in July and August 1945. Remarkably a color movie of the actual shelling by the USS Abbott survives and can be viewed 🎥HERE.) –Mel Oakes
Another account of the shelling comes from the son of another POW present: “The POW camp my father happened to be in that day was on the waterfront several hundred yards forward of the main target, the Iron Works. His first indication of shelling was what I believe to have been a bracketing salvo from the 5" guns. Next came the 16" rounds starting at the water and walking up the hill to the works. Dad could see plainly the ship 1.5 to 2.5 miles offshore belching smoke and fire moments before the concussion of the shells passing over hurt his hands which now covered his head. The rounds in some cases passed completely through the Works without detonating do to the thin walls of the building and while damaging the works it appeared on the outside that it was unharmed. Several days later he spotted a high altitude flight of a single plane and thought they are going to be back I bet. That mill is still standing. He was right. August 9th the shelling was repeated, only this time the camp was obliterated with many death's to the POWs. The Works was razed and the eye witness account my father tells is hair-raising.”
Allen's letter continues:
"Our boys were lucky this time. Only 4 of them were killed. On August 9, the Third Fleet came back again. Around 30 of our men in camp were killed this time, or burned to death. I was burned on the hands, both feet, all over the face and ears. Some of the boys had their bodies burned badly also, and still refused to die. Two of the boys breathed the fire in their lungs; they died that night. I have a slight scar on my left hand, and one on my right ear. Not a scar was left on my face. We hardly got any treatment at all for our burns, until the 15 of August. There wasn't any shouting, and very little excitement when they told us the war was over. We were all too tired to show much emotion. We had seen too many men die just 6 days before the war ended." (An interesting collection of photographs from Kamaishi , one at left, can be found) HERE.)–Mel Oakes
"Then the Japanese started treating us very kind, new clothes, Red Cross overcoats, Cigarettes were yours for the asking. They smiled, bowed, saluted every American they saw. Very few Americans would salute them back. These fellows who came out of that hell will never forget. But America will. America will never be hard enough on the Japanese. General Wainwright should be in charge of the Occupation of Japan. He would know what to do."
October 1945, Allen was in Casualty Company #2, Marine Detachment, U.S. Naval Hospital, Oakland, California and also Casualty Company #1, Mb, Nob, Ti, (San Pedro), Calif at U. S. Naval Hospital, Corona, CA. Allen had contracted tuberculosis. In a letter he referrred to a new treatment and assures his mother he will be cured. In 1944, Albert Schtz, Elizabeth Bugie and Selman Waksman isolated Streptomyces griseus or streptomycin, the first antibiotic and first bacterial agent effective against M. tuberculosis.
After the war Allen returned to Rayville, LA. On May 17, 1947, he married Melda Lee Hartley in Delhi, Louisiana. He was a salesman for Roark Brothers Music Company in West Monroe, LA. Allen and Melda had three children, a son, Allen Bruce and two daughters, Leigh Anne (Palin) and Suzette.
Liberation. The telegram at right, was sent to Allen’s parents, notifying them that he was returned to military control on September 13, 1945.
Corregidor surrendered to the Japanese on May 6, 1942. As you can see below the contact with Allen was extremely limited. The undated telegram below would have likely occurred during his internment in Yokohama. The telegram refers to a International Red Cross report that was received earlier.
Allen's letters have been generously provided by his wife, Melda. The letters demonstrate Allen's love of his family and his concern for the anguish he knew they felt. They also showcase his writing skills.His spelling, grammar, and narration attest to his fine education.
The marine referred to in the telegram below was Justin C. Walsh (1918-45), a fellow marine from Butler, Tennessee, and POW. Justin was confined to the Yokohama Comp with Allen. Justin died in the Nagoya Main Prison camp in Japan
December 15, 1942
August 26, 1943
Note from Tokyo Detention Camp
Here is some information about Cecelia McKie, an unsung hero of the war. It comes from the book, Corregidor, from Paradise to Hell, by Ben D. Waldron and Emily Burneson, Copyright 1991.
“In 1986, I met a man in Sacramento, California who had all the records of Ceclia McKie, who was a ham radio operator in Sacramento, California, during the war. He told me she was the lady who received all the prisoners-of-war messages and forwarded them to the next of kin of the prisoners-of-war.
"We looked in her records and found the message that I sent on November 28. 1944. The following is a letter she wrote my mother."
Here is a copy of the closing from one of Cecelia's letters.
Cecelia Polin Rosen McKie ‘s (1903-82), her husband was William Lawson McKie (1880-1968), a chiropractor from Scotland. Cecelia was born in Philadelphia to Jewish immigrants from Russia, Abraham L. & Bessie Polin. She was first married to Albert L. Rosen and they had a daughter Cynthia.
December 21, 1944
Letter from Allen to his mother & family.
September 23, 1945
Telegram from Allen to his mother announcing his arrival at Oakland Naval Hospital.
October 12, 1945
Allen Silk’s Funeral
Daughter’s eulogy at Allen Silk Funeral is printed.
The Richland Beacon--Rayville, LA--Thursday, September 11, 1997
EDITOR’S NOTE: The letter, written by Leigh Anne Silk Palin of Norton, MA, to her father, Allen Silk, was read as a eulogy at Mr. Silk’s funeral last week.
The sincerity and warmth expressed by Mrs. Palin was such that the Editor feels everyone should read it, realizing that all family ties have not been severed in today’s world.
We hope that everyone reading this can sense the closeness the two family members had, a feeling that seems to radiate outward even in the time of Mr. Silk’s death.
Acknowledgements. Many thanks to Melda Hartley Silk for information, documents and pictures. The eulogy by daughter Leigh Anne Silk Palin was much appreciated for its beauty and insight. Thanks also to Lois Mallory for kindly assisting with the typing and editing of a number of documents. Some information about camps and rosters came from the excellent site on “Allied POWS Under the Japanese” maintained by Roger Mansell at http://www.mansell.com. Any remembrances, corrections and information would be greatly appreciated.
L to R: Lee Morgan (neighbor), Walter, William Butler Crider (1851-1942), Lenora Alice Bradley (1869-1916), Florence “Sweet” (front), Mary Louise, Sussie(back), Claude. William and Lenora were Allen’s maternal grandparents.
L to R: Sussie May Crider-Silk, Mary Louise Crider-Johnson, Florence Crider-Price, Walter Crider, Nora Crider-Johnson (Allen’s mother Sussie and her siblings.)
Brothers Oland and Allen Silk